Photoperiodism

Experiments with artificial lighting have found many plants are not only sensitive to the length of daylight, but are dependant on it for reproduction and survival. It's called Photoperiodism, and it will need to be taken into account when transplanting species to a newly terraformed planet. There are a variety of forms:

Short-day plants need short days to reproduce.
Plants that need only a single cycle to reproduce include:
Cocklebur, Duckweed (paucicostata, perpusilla), Goosefoot (polyspermum, rubrum)
Plants that need several cycles to reproduce include:
Chysanthemum (morfolium), Cosmos (yellow), Hemp (marijuana), Kalanchoe, Orchid (Cattleya trianae), Soybean, Strawberry (pink)

Intermediate-day plants reproduce when the days are neither too short nor too long. They include:
Autumn coleus, Goosefoot (lambsquarters)

Long-day plants need long days to reproduce.
Plants that need only a single cycle include:
Canola, Dill, Duckweed (gibba), Mustard (white), Perilla (purple common), Ryegrass (darnel), Salidcherril, Scarlet pimpernel, Spinach
Plants that need several cycles to reproduce include:
Carnation (lilac pink), Chrysanthemum (pyrenees), Fuchsia (lord byron), Hibiscus, Radish, Tobacco (sylvestris), Wheat (spring), Wheatgrass (bluestem)
Plants that need several cycles, and cold vernalisation to reproduce include:
Barley (winter), Beet (common), Bromegrass (smooth), Cress (mouse ear), Foxglove, Henbane (black), Oats, Pea (late-flowering garden), Rye (winter), Sugar beet, Wheat (winter)
Plants where cold vernalisaton will substitue for long-day requirements include:
Silene (sweetwilliam), Spinach (nobel)

Short-Long-day plants need short days then long days to reproduce.
Short-Long-day plants that need cold vernalisation include:
Bluegrass (kentucky), Orchidgrass

Long-Short-day plants need long days then short days to reproduce: They include:
Aloe, Kalanchoe

Day-neutral plants need daylight to flower but don't care about the day-length. They include:
Artichoke (jerusalem), Corn (or maize), Cotton (upland), Cucumber, Kidneybean, Pea (garden), Rice, Strawberry (european alpine), Sugar cane, Sunflower, Tobacco (tabacum)
Day-neutral plants that need cold vernalisation include:
Carrot (wild), Dollar plant, Onion

Temperature dependant
Night-blooming Jasmine is a Long-Short-day plant around 23°C but a day-neutral plant above 24°C.
Japanese morning glory and Tobacco (mammoth maryland) are short-day plants at high temperatures and day-neutral plants at low temperatures.
Orange flare cosmos is a short-day plant at low temperatures and day-neutral plant at high temperatures.
Poinsettia and Heavenly blue morning glory are short-day plants at high temperatures and long-day plants at low temperatures.
Chicory is a long-day plant at high temperatures and a day-neutral plant at low temperatures
Lakspur (florists) and Coneflower (pinewoods) are long-day plants at low temperatures and a day-neutral plants at high temperatures.
Lettuce and Petunias are long-day plants at high temperatures and day-neutral plants at low temperatures.

Age dependant
Jimsonweed datura is a short-day plant when young then becomes a day-neutral plant with age.