Species for colonisation


When humans colonise other planets there're many species we'll need to take with us. We'll need them for a number of reasons: food, diversity of food sources, medicines, familiarity, companionship. The following is a (growing) list of species we'll need to bring with us when we colonise other worlds.

Animals
Alpaca Vicugna pacos Fiber
Angora (rabbit) Fiber
Camel Genus Camelus Fiber
Camel hair see Camel
Cashmere Capra aegagrus Fiber
Chicken
Chiengora see Dog
Chincilla Genus Chinchilla Fiber
Cow Bos taurus
Dog Canis familiaris Fiber
Goat
Gossamer from Spiders Fiber
Guanaco lama guanicoe Fiber
Horse Equus caballus
Llama Lama glama Fiber
Merino see Sheep
Mohair (goat) Fiber
Muskox Ovibos moschatus Fiber
Pashmina see Cashmere
Sheep Ovis aries Fiber
Silk see Silkworm, mulberry
Silkworm, Mulberry Bombyx mori Fiber
Vicuna Vicugna vicugna Fiber
Plants
Abaca see Manilla
Abroma Abroma augusta Fiber
Achita see Coyo
Alfalfa Medicago sativa
Almond Prunus amygdalius
Aloe Vera Aloe vera
Amaranth
Apples Genus: Malus
Apricot Prunus armenica
Arctic Raspberry see Raspberry, Arctic
Aronia see Chokeberry
Artichoke Cynara scolymus
Asparagus Asparagus officinalis
Avacardo Persea americana
Bamboo Tribe: Bambuseae Fiber
Bananas Genus: Musa
Barberry Genus: Berberis
Barley Hordeum vulgare
Basil Ocimum basilicum
Bay Leaves Laurus nobilis
Beans Family: Leguminsae
Beetroot Beta vulgaris
Black Mulberry Morus nigra
Blackberry Group of berries
Blackberry, Common Rubus fruiticosus
Blackcurrant see Currant, Black
Blueberry Genus Vaccinium
Boysenberry Rubus ursinus x idaeus
Brazil Nut Bertholletia excelsa
Broadbean Vicia faba
Broccoli Brassica oleracea italica
Brussel Sprouts Brassica oleracea gemmifera
Buckwheat Fagopyrum esculentum
Buterbean see Lima Bean
Cabbage Brassica oleracea
Canihua Chenopodium pallidicaule
Cantaloupe see Rockmelon
Capsicum, Bush Red Capsicum frutescens
Capsicum, Green Capsicum annum grossum
Capsicum, Red Capsicum annum longum
Carob Ceratonia siliqua
Carrot Daucu carota
Cashew Anacardium occidentale
Cauliflower Brassica oleracea capitata
Celery Apium graveolens
Cherimaya Annona cherimola
Cherry Prunus avium
Chick-pea, Common Cicer arietinum
Chili Genus Capsium
Chokeberry Genus: Aronia
Cinnamon Cinnamomum zeylanicum
Citron Citrus medica
Cloudberry Rubus chamaemorus
Clove Eugenia caryophyllata
Clover Genus Trifolium
Cocoa Theobroma cacao
Coconut Cocos nucifera
Coffee, Arabian Coffea arabica
Coffee, Liberian Coffea liberica
Coffee, Robusta Coffea canephora
Coir see Coconut
Coriander Coriander sativum
Corn Zea mays
Corn, Wild Zea diploperennis
Cornflower Centaurea cyanus
Cotton Genus Gossypium Fiber
Courgette see Zucchini
Coyo Amaranthus caudatus
Cranberry Genus: Vaccinium
Cucumber Cucumis sativus
Cumin Cuminum cyminum
Currant, Common Ribes sativum
Currant, Red Ribes rubum
Currant, Black Ribes nigrum
Custard Apple Annona reticulata
Date, Blue Phoenix zeylanica
Date, Common Phoenix dactylifera
Date, Pygmy Phoenix raebelenii
Date, Sugar Phoenix sylvestris
Devil's Cotton see Abroma Fiber
Dewberry Subgenus: Eubatus
Dill Anethum graveolens
Earthnut see Peanut
Eggplant Solanum melongera var esculentum
Einkorn Wheat see Wheat, Einkorn
Emmer Wheat See Wheat, Emmer
Esparto Macrochloa tenacissima and Stipa tenacissima Fiber
Fennel Foeniculum vulgare
Fig Genus: Ficus
Flax Linum usitatissimum
Fonio Digitaria exilis
Frenchbean see Kidneybean
Gerkin see Cucumber
Ginger Zingiber officinae
Ginseng Panax quinquefolium, P. schinseng
Goji see Wolfberry
Gooseberry Ribes uva-crispa
Gooseberry, Indian see Indian Gooseberry
Gooseberry, Otaheite Phyllanthus acidus
Grape Genus Vitis
Grapefruit Citrus maxima
Green Pepper see Capsicum, Green
Groundnut see Peanut
Guavaberry Myrciaria floribunda
Halfah grass see Esparto
Hemp Cannabis sativa Fiber
Huckleberry Group of berries
Huckleberry, Red Vaccinium parvifolium
Indian Gooseberry Phyllanthus eemblica
Jostaberry
Jute Genus Corchorus
Kaniwa see Canihua
Kenaf Hibiscus cannabinus Fiber
Kidneybean Phaseolus vulgaris
Lemon Citrus limon
Lemon, Perrine Citrus limon aurantifolia
Lentil Lens Culinaris
Lettuce Lactuca sativa
Lima Bean Phaseolus lunatus
Lime Citrus aurantifolia
Linen see Flax
Liquorice Glycyrrhiza glaba
Loganberry Rubus x loganbaccus
Lupin, Andrean Lupinus mutabilis
Macadamia Genus Macadamia
Madagascar Bean see Lima Bean
Maize see Corn
Mandarin Citrus reticulata
Mango Mangifera indica
Manila Musa textilis Fiber
Marjoram, wild Origanum vulgaris
Millet, pearl Pennisetum glaucum
Millet, foxtail Setaria italica
Millet, prosso Panicum miliaceum
Millet, common see Millet, prosso
Millet, broom corn see Millet, prosso
Millet, hog see Millet, prosso
Millet, white see Millet, prosso
Millet, finger Eleusine coracana
Mint Genus Mentha
Mulberry Genus Morus
Mulberry, White Morus alba
Mulberry, Chinese Morus australis
Mulberry, African Morus mesozygia
Mulberry, Black Morus nigra
Mulberry, Texas Morus microphylla
Mulberry, Red Morus rubra
Mung Bean Phaseolus aureus
Muskmelon see Rockmelon
Nangoon see Raspberry, Arctic
Nangoonberry see Raspberry, Arctic
Needle grass see Esparto
Oats Avena sativa
Olive Olea europaea
Onion Allium cepa
Orange, Seville see Orange, Sour
Orange, Sour Citrus aurantium
Orange, Sweet Citrus sinensis
Papaya see Pawpaw
Parsley Petroselinum crispum
Parsnip Pastinaca sativa
Passionfruit Passiflora quadrangularis
Pawpaw Carica papaya
Pea Pisum Sativum
Peach Prunus persica
Peanut Arachis pyogea
Pear Pyrus communis
Pepper Piper nigrum
Pepper see also Capsicum
Peppermint Mentha x piperata
Pina see Pineapple Fiber
Pineapple Ananas comosus
Pomelo see Grapefruit
Potato Solanum tuberosum
Prune Prune domestica
Quinoa Chenopodium quinoa
Raffia Genus Raffia Fiber
Raisin see Grapes
Ramie Boehmenia nivea Fiber
Raspberry, European Rubus idaeus
Raspberry, Arctic Rubus arcticus
Raspberry, Korean Rubus crataegifolius
Raspberry, Blue Rubus leucodermis
Raspberry, Whitebark see Raspberry, Blue
Raspberry, Western see Raspberry, Blue
Raspberry, Black Rubus occidentalis
Raspberry, Flowering Rubus odoratus
Raspberry, Wine Rubus phoenicolasius
Raspberry, American Red Rubus idaeus var. strigosus
Redcurrant see Currant, Red
Red Pepper see Capsicum, Red
Rhubarb Rheum rhaponticum
Rice Oryza sativa
Rice, wild see Wild rice
Rockmelon Cucumis melo
Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis
Runner Bean Phaseolus coccineus
Rye Secale cereale
Sap, Sour Annona muricata
Sap, Sweet Annona squamosa
Sisal Agave sisalana Fiber
Shaddock see Grapefruit
Sorghum Genus Sorghum
Soy Bean Glycine max
Spearmint Mentha spicata
Spelt
Spinach Spinacia oleracea
Squash Genus Cucurbita
Strawberry Fragaria xananassa
Sugar Cane Genus Saccharum
Sugarbeet Beta vulgaris
Sultana see Grapes
Sunflower Helianthus annus
Taf see Teff
Tangerine see Mandarin
Tea Camellia sinensis
Teff Eragrostis tef
Thimbleberry Rubus parviflorus
Thyme, garden Thymus vulgaris
Tomato Lycopersican esculentum
Triticale Genus: x Triticosecale
Watermelom Citrullus vulgaris
Wheat, Bread Triticum aestivum
Wheat, Durum Triticum durum
Wheat, Eikhorn Triticum monococcum
Wheat, Emmer Triticum dicoccon
Wheat, Macaroni see Wheat, Durum
White Mulberry Morus alba
Wild rice Genus: Zizania
Wineberry see Raspberry, Wine
Wolfberry Genus: Lycium
Zucchini Cucurbita pepo
Fungi
Bacteria
E. ColiEschericia coli